Why does hair fall out?
There are different causes of hair loss. In women, alopecia may appear after having a baby, after stopping the pill, as a result of the menopause or a hormonal disorder. This is due to a decrease in estrogen levels. One of the forms of estrogen – estradiol influences hair density and skin elasticity.
In the case of men, testosterone is responsible for hair loss, the derivative of which – dihydrotesterone – affects the shrinkage of the hair follicles, which significantly delays the growth of healthy hair. This is an example of androgenetic alopecia, which is first visible around the temples and forehead, and then extends to other areas of the head. Also, thyroxine deficiency caused by hypothyroidism causes hair to become dry and brittle, which leads to hair loss.
The cause of hair loss may also be iron deficiency, which causes a drop in the level of hemoglobin that transports oxygen to all cells of the body. The hair follicles become very weak as a result. Hair loss can also be caused by taking medications for depression, arthritis, high blood pressure, atherosclerosis and thrombosis. Additionally, excessive hair loss can be noticed in the case of poisoning with mercury, arsenic, boric acid, thallium and in states of prolonged fever. Alopecia is also influenced by skin diseases such as: mycosis, purulent inflammation of the hair follicles, psoriasis, seborrheic dermatitis, lupus erythematosus, syphilis, limited scleroderma and dandruff.
Other causes of hair loss include excessive stress, inadequate care, poor diet or anemia.
What vitamins do hair need?
For hair to be healthy, strong, and shiny, it needs a proper diet. Necessary vitamins for hair are:
- Vitamin A – retinol is a very important component of hair pills because it influences the proper metabolism of the cells of the horny skin epithelium, which include keratinized cells of the hair matrix.
- B vitamins – take a direct part in the physiological processes of hair growth and protect it against diseases.
- Vitamin E – gives the hair a shiny and silky appearance, ensures good blood circulation, protects the hair follicles against the harmful effects of free radicals.
- Vitamin H – biotin, prevents baldness and graying of hair.
- Vitamin C – is responsible for the proper development of collagen, which affects the condition of the hair.
What to use for hair loss?
First, all the vitamins mentioned above should be supplied to the body. This can be done by using appropriate vitamin hair supplements. In order for them to be healthy and nourished, a balanced diet is necessary. Mineral-based supplements will also provide the iron, zinc, copper, and silicon you need. Everything that can be effective against hair loss must be matched to the individual needs and deficiencies in the body of a given person. The drug for hair loss, in addition to the appropriate vitamins, should contain natural ingredients with gentle action.
The elements that are in harmony with nature are, of course, herbs. Herbal plants are one of the best sources of active substances that show an affinity with the structure and compounds present in the skin and hair. Irreplaceable herbs for hair are:
- ginseng root – strengthens, stimulates the hair follicles, improves circulation,
- chamomile – soothes irritations and disinfects,
- burdock root – has astringent and anti-dandruff properties, reduces hair loss and greasing,
- sage – prevents hair loss and greasy hair, fights dandruff, has anti-inflammatory properties,
- Indian bhringraj – prevents hair loss and stimulates its growth,
- calendula – has anti-inflammatory and antifungal properties, moisturizes,
- field horsetail – strengthens the hair, accelerates their growth, prevents hair loss, stimulates the circulation of the scalp,
- birch leaves and bark – inhibit sebum production, accelerate hair growth and prevent hair loss.
Hair loss pills containing the above-mentioned plant ingredients and appropriate vitamins and minerals can significantly improve the condition of the hair and do not show any harmful effects.
TOP 4 hair treatments
There are many reasons for hair loss, treatment options and hair care methods. Therefore, it is best to consult a specialist about the problem. Inadequate treatment often ends with considerable expenses and no results. It is possible to take advantage of several effective treatments, because thanks to them even genetic alopecia can be overcome with a properly selected treatment.
- FUE hair transplantation involves spot removal of skin fragments from the occipital area with a diameter of 0.7 to 0.9 millimeters, which contain hair follicles. Then they are placed in places where there is less or no hair.
- Stem cell treatment also involves taking very small pieces of skin from the back of the head. The next step is to create a suspension that contains progenitor cells, growth factors and stem cells. The preparation prepared in this way is injected into the patient’s scalp.
- Treatment with platelet-rich plasma, which consists in taking several dozen milliliters of blood from the patient, which is subjected to centrifugation. In this way, platelet-rich plasma is obtained. The main component of the obtained raw material is the growth factor, which is responsible for the regeneration of cells and their rapid growth. After proper preparation, the plasma is injected into the scalp. Fibrin can also be obtained by centrifuging the blood. Scalp injection treatments with fibrin or plasma perfectly support the hair transplantation procedure.
- Carboxytherapy – is used to treat alopecia, hair loss and psoriasis. CO2 (carbon dioxide) is injected under the skin, thanks to which the effect of increasing microcirculation and oxygenation of cells and hair follicles is created. VEGF growth factors are formed that stimulate the renewal and growth of new hair.